PENGARUH DISTRAKSI VIRTUAL REALITY TERHADAP PERUBAHAN TEKANAN DARAH ANAK SAAT PROSEDUR ANESTESI MENGGUNAKAN JET INJEKTOR

Septriyani Kaswindiarti, Wahyuning Asri Pari Purnomo Sari, Ferdian Ilham Khoirudin, Busyro Hanun Nisa

= https://doi.org/10.26753/jikk.v16i2.500
Abstract views = 61 times | views = 12 times

Abstract


Latar Belakang: Kecemasan dapat menyebabkan terjadinya perubahan tekanan darah. Anak-anak sering merasa cemas saat dilakukan perawatan gigi khususnya saat prosedur anestesi. Hal tersebut dikarenakan anestesi identik dengan jarum yang bisa menimbulkan rasa nyeri. Alat anestesi tanpa jarum atau jet injektor telah dikembangkan untuk anestesi lokal. Jet injektor dianggap bisa mengurangi rasa nyeri saat anestesi, namun suara, bentuk, dan tekanan yang ditimbulkan jet injektor bisa meningkatkan kecemasan anak. Salah satu cara yang bisa digunakan untuk mengatasi kecemasan anak saat dilakukan prosedur anestesi adalah dengan distraksi virtual reality. Tujuan Penelitian: Untuk mengetahui pengaruh distraksi virtual reality terhadap perubahan tekanan darah anak saat prosedur anestesi menggunakan jet injektor. Metode Penelitian: Jenis penelitian ini adalah quasi experimental dengan pre and posttest nonequivalent control group design. Subjek penelitian berjumlah 30 anak dibagi menjadi dua kelompok secara acak, 15 anak dilakukan anestesi menggunakan jet injektor dengan distraksi virtual reality dan 15 anak dilakukan anestesi menggunakan jet injektor tanpa distraksi virtual reality. Penelitian dilakukan dengan cara mengukur tekanan darah anak sebelum dan saat prosedur anestesi menggunakan jet injektor. Data dianalisis menggunakan uji Independent T-test. Hasil: Terdapat pengaruh distraksi virtual reality terhadap perubahan tekanan darah anak saat prosedur anestesi menggunakan jet injektor sesuai dengan hasil analisis data Independent T-test yang menunjukkan nilai signifikansi p<0,05. Kesimpulan: Terdapat pengaruh distraksi virtual reality terhadap perubahan tekanan darah anak saat prosedur anestesi menggunakan jet injektor.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Guzeldemir, E., Toygar, H.U., dan Cilasun, U., 2008, Pain perception and anxiety during scaling in periodontally healthy subjects, J Periodontal, 79:2247-55.

Alasmari, A.A., Aldossari, G. S., dan Aldossary, M. S., 2018, Dental Anxiety in Children: A Review of The Contributing Factors, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 12(4): 1-3.

Iorgulescu, G., 2015, Psycho-behavioral Particularities in Dental Anxiety, Journal of Psychology and Behavioral Science, 3(1): 105-109.

Saing, J.H., 2005, Hipertensi pada Remaja, Sari Pediatri, 6(4): 159-165.

Guyton, A.C., dan Hall, J.E., 2011, Buku Ajar Fisiologi Kedokteran, Edisi 12, EGC, Jakarta, hal 789-801.

AlSarheed, M., 2011, Children’s Perception of Their Dentists, European Journal Dentistry, 5:186.

Deepika, A., Chandrasekhar, R.R., Vinay, C., Uloopi, K.S., dan Rao, V.V., 2012, Effectiveness of two flavored topical anesthetic agents in reducing injection pain in children: a comparative study, J Clin Pediatr Dent, 37(1): 15–18.

Rai, K., Hegde, A.H., Jacob, M., dan Charyulu, R.N., 2014, Comparative evaluation of the efficacy of lignocaine and benzocaine patches for various dental treatments in children, NUJHS, 4(1): 28-34.

Angelo, Z., dan Polyvios, C., 2018, Alternative Practices of Achieving Anaesthesia for Dental Procedures : a review, J Dent Anesth Pain Med, 18(2): 79-88.

Singh, H., Rehman, R., Kadtane, S., Dalai, D.R., dan Jain, C.D., 2014, Techniques for the Behavior Management in Pediatric Dentistry, Int J Sci Stud, 2(7): 269-272.

Hussein, H.A., 2015, Effect of Active and Passive Distraction on Decreasing Pain Associated with Painful Medical Procedures among School Aged Children, World Journal of Nursing Sciences., 1(2): 13-23.

Soeparmin, S., 2010, Distraksi sebagai salah satu pendekatan yang dilakukan dalam mencapai keberhasilan perawatan gigi anak, Dentika Dental Journal, 15(1): 91-95.

Aminabadi, N.A., Erfanparasi, L., Sohrabi, A., Oskuei, S., dan Naghili, A., 2012, The Impact of Virtual Reality Distraction on Pain and Anxiety During Dental Treatment in 4-6 Years Old Children : a Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial . Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects, 6(4): 117-124.

Tamsuri, A., 2007, Konsep dan Penatalaksanaan Nyeri, EGC, Jakarta, hal 1-63.

Jani, J., Venkataraghavan, K., Panda, A., Dere, K.T., dan Virda, M., 2019, Effect of Audio-Visual Distraction Technique on Salivary Biomarkers and Vital Signs of Preschool Children, International Journal of Medical Science and Innovative Research (IJMSIR), 4(1): 18-23.

Kenji, S., Daniel, O., Kiyoshi, M., Satoshi, F., Kantaro, M., dan Akio, G., 2012, A novel application of virtual reality for pain control: virtual reality-mirror visual feedback therapy, Pain in Perspective, 237–254.

Gold, J.I., Belmont, K.A., dan Thomas, D.A., 2007, The Neurobiology of Virtual Reality Pain Attenuation, Cyber Psychology & Behaviour, 10(4); 536-544.

Khanapurkar, P.M., Nagpal, D.I., Lamba, G., Choudhari, P., dan Hotwani, K., 2018, Effect of virtual reality distraction on pain and anxiety during local anesthesia injection in children – a randomized controlled cross-over clinical study, J Adv Med Dent Scie Res, 6(11): 84-90.

Attar, R.H., dan Baghdadi, Z.D., 2015, Comparative efficacy of active and passive distraction during restorative treatment in children using an iPad versus audiovisual eyeglasses: a randomised controlled trial, European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry, 16(1): 1-8.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View JIKK Stats

This journal (p-ISSN:1858-0696; e-ISSN:2598-9855) is licensed under

a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Creative Commons License

Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Muhammadiyah Gombong

Address: Jl. Yos Sudarso No.461 Gombong, Kabupaten Kebumen, Jawa Tengah 54412.

Phone: (0287) 472433 | Email: jikkstimugo@gmail.com